Dvar Torah by Rabbi Zelig Pliskin
The Torah states regarding the preparation for receiving the Torah at Mount Sinai, “And the Israelites encamped there near the mountain” (Exodus 19:2). The Hebrew word for “encamped” is “vayichan.” What is particularly interesting is that “vayichan” is in the singular form; the grammatically correct form would be “vayachanu.” What do we learn from the word “vayichan”?
Rashi, the great commentator, tells us that the singular form is used to tell us that they encamped “as one person with one heart.” From here Rabbi Yeruchem Levovitz commented that we see that love of our fellow man is a prerequisite for accepting the Torah.
Rabbi Yitzchok of Vorki noted that the word “vayichan” besides meaning “encamped” also comes from the word “khain,” which means “finding favor.” That is, the people found favour in the eyes of one another and therefore found favor in the eyes of the Almighty.
When you just see the faults and shortcomings of another person, you become distant from him. However, when you see the good and positive in other people, you become closer to them. This unity is a fundamental requirement for accepting the Torah.
How is this developed? We find in the book Nachal Kidumim that togetherness between people is possible only when there is humility. When the Israelites came to Mount Sinai, which is the symbol of humility, they internalized this attribute.
When you have humility, you do not feel a need to gain power over others or feel above them by focusing on their faults. When you have the trait of humility you can allow yourself to see the good in others. The traits of love for others, seeing the good in them, and having humility go hand in hand. By growing in these traits, you make yourself into a more elevated person who is worthy of receiving the Torah.